Texas Independence Day – This Day in History, March 2nd
Today is a very special day: the 175th anniversary of Texas Independence Day. Therefore, out of reverence for my home state, I would like to share a bit of cool history (this is not an oxymoron) with you.
In 1836 Texas was embroiled in a several-year-long struggle with the Mexican Government, mostly involving the dramatic dictatorial centralization of the Mexican federal government under Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna. Shots were first fired in Gonzales in October of 1835, but in the first couple of months of 1836 Santa Anna marched the Mexican military into Texas, bent on crushing this runaway rebellion led by ‘Texican’ immigrants. As he marched toward San Antonio de Bexar (modern day San Antonio), a band of some 180 volunteers gathered at the Mission San Antonio de Valero – now known as the Alamo to fend off the approaching Mexican forces, which outnumbered them at least ten to one. The ensuing thirteen-day siege of the Alamo began February 23, 1836 and lasted until the final assault on March 6th.
On March 1st during that fateful siege, a delegation of leaders met at what would become the first capital of the Republic of Texas – Washington on the Brazos. Though preceded by months of debate and disagreement over how to respond to the increasingly tyrannical Mexican government, a Declaration of Independence was drafted and officially signed by all 59 delegates on March 2nd, officially establishing the Republic of Texas – David G. Burnet would serve interim president. Two days later Sam Houston would be appointed commander of the Texas Army and would lead his forces in the Runaway Scrape following the fall of the Alamo until the fateful battle at San Jacinto.
Houston would go on to become the first elected president of the Republic of Texas in December 1836, and would serve several more terms as president, state governor, and U.S. senator following Texas’ annexation into the United States.
The Republic of Texas existed just shy of a decade – from March 1836 to late December 1845, when the United States approved its annexation as the 28th state in the union.
So join me in celebrating a unique and very special piece of history today. Eat a steak, drive a truck, say y’all… whatever you do, wherever you live, have a happy Texas Independence Day.
If you want to read more, check out these links:
Convention of 1836 (where the Declaration was signed):
Texas Declaration of Independence:
Timeline of the Texas Revolution: